LPP 6.7 - Parking and Access

Consultation has concluded

Planning and Development Act 2005

Town Planning Scheme Amendment

Local Planning Scheme No.3:- Local Planning Policy 6.7 - Parking and Access

The City’s requirements for parking associated with development are contained in Local Planning Policy 6.7 - ‘Parking and Access’. The City has conducted a review of this policy, with a particular emphasis on ensuring an appropriate amount of car parking is provided in the City’s Local Centres.

The review of Local Planning Policy 6.7 - ‘Parking and Access’ strikes a balance between encouraging and supporting small businesses while ensuring adequate car parking is provided that does not impact on surrounding areas.

  • Some other changes proposed to Local Planning Policy 6.7 include:
  • Allowing on-street parking to be included in parking assessment for land uses located in Local Centres
  • Amending the alfresco parking requirement so that an alfresco area up to 29m2 does not need to provide any more parking
  • Amending the requirements for ‘Educational Establishment’ to bring ratios in line with the Western Australian Local Government Association Guidelines 2015
  • Amending the requirements for ‘Hospital’ to include staff car parking
  • Amending the requirements for ‘Place of Worship’ to reflect a recent State Administrative Tribunal ruling
  • Amending the ‘Recreation Private’ parking requirement by introducing subcategories of ‘Gymnasium’ and ‘Class Studio’
  • Including a parking ratio for ‘Small Bar’ and grouping ‘Small Bar’ with similar land uses
  • A number of administrative changes are also recommended to provide clarity and to simplify the policy requirements.

Where can I find more information about the Policy?

More information about why the City is modifying this Local Planning Policy can be found in the Council report, available to download in the document library.

The modified policy document details the changes that the City is proposing, which is located in the document library.

A copy is also available for viewing during business hours (8.30am - 5.00pm, Monday to Friday) at the City of Stirling Main Administration Building located at 25 Cedric Street, Stirling.

What is a Local Planning Policy and what does it do?

Local planning policies are prepared by the City to provide additional information about the position the City will take on certain planning matters.

Local planning policies are not part of the City’s Local Planning Scheme No.3, but are recognised as one of the matters to be given due regard in the relevant authority’s consideration of applications for development approval. As such, a local planning policy cannot impose any mandatory requirement upon development, but may provide guidance on the way in which proposals will be assessed and determined by the City.

There is no requirement for Western Australian Planning Commission review or endorsement of a Local Planning Policy, however, a local planning policy should be consistent with the intent of provisions of the City’s Local Planning Scheme No.3 and any relevant State Planning Policy (including the Residential Design Codes of Western Australia).

What is the purpose of the modifications to this Local Planning Policy?

The City’s requirements for parking associated with development are contained in Local Planning Policy 6.7 - ‘Parking and Access’. The City has conducted a review of this Policy, with a particular emphasis on ensuring an appropriate amount of car parking is provided in the City’s Local Centres (as shown on the map attached).

The review of Local Planning Policy 6.7 - ‘Parking and Access’ strikes a balance between encouraging and supporting small businesses while ensuring adequate car parking is provided which does not impact on surrounding areas.

What do the changes to Local Planning Policy 6.7 -‘Parking and Access’ apply to?

The changes to Local Planning Policy 6.7 - ‘Parking and Access’ apply to all proposals for non-residential development within the whole local government area, excluding the Stirling City Centre.

What are the main changes to this Policy?

The key changes to Local Planning Policy 6.7 - ‘Parking and Access’ are:

Simplified parking requirements within ‘Local Centres’

  • The City’s current approach to parking for centres is to provide standard rates for different land uses. For example, a ‘Shop’ needs 8 bays per 100m² of gross leasable area and a ‘Restaurant’ needs 1 bay per 7m² of gross floor area
  • A new Table has been introduced to prescribe a single car parking ratio based on parking need for the City’s Local Centres, for example, 4 bays per 100m² of gross floor area for all uses
  • The recommended Local Centre parking ratios have been developed to reflect specific Local Centre conditions and trading performance. Basing parking requirements on the parking utilisation and availability for a centre will provide more effective and responsive parking ratios
  • The recommended ratios will reduce the amount of parking required. This will reduce the instances of ‘on-paper’ car parking shortfalls and the number of development applications required. Peak parking periods are catered for as the ratios are based on peak period utilisation of existing parking
  • As there is no way to predict how successful a centre may be, these ratios will be able to be changed by modifying the Policy, and annual surveys will be undertaken to check the ratios are appropriate
  • All development outside of the Local Centres identified in Figure 1 (below) are subject to parking ratios for individual land uses.

Allowing on-street parking to satisfy parking requirements in Local Centres

  • The current parking policy requires development to provide all car parking on-site, and being able to park on the road does not count towards meeting parking policy requirements
  • The modified parking policy allows on-street parking to count towards parking requirements for a development in Local, Neighbourhood and District Centres.

Alfresco area requirements

  • The current parking policy requires one parking bay to be provided per 14m² of alfresco area. This requirement is considered to be a deterrent to creating places where people want to be, and is overly restrictive
  • The modified parking policy excludes alfresco areas in Local and Neighbourhood Centres from needing to provide additional car parking. Elsewhere in the City, alfresco areas which are less than 30m² are not required to provide additional parking.

Education establishment requirements

  • The car parking requirements for Primary Schools have been increased to reflect the WALGA Guidelines, which acknowledge that younger children are more likely to be driven to and from school. The new ratios are to be applied in conjunction with the City’s existing staff car parking rate of one bay per staff member for all ‘Educational Establishments’.
  • The use of ‘Kiss and Ride’ facilities can better alleviate parking and traffic management issues, a provision has been introduced requiring new educational developments to provide a ‘Kiss and Ride’ facility to the satisfaction of the City.

Hospital car parking requirements

  • The current car parking ratio for the ‘Hospital’ land use is one bay per bed. The policy has revealed that the City’s car parking requirements for Hospitals is inadequate for the actual parking demand
  • The car parking requirements for Hospitals has been increased to require one bay per three beds and one bay per staff member.

Place of worship requirements

  • The current parking policy requires car parking for a Place of Worship to be provided at the rate of one bay per 4m² of public floorspace, and one bay per staff member.
  • The new ratio requires one bay per four seats, and one bay per staff member

Recreation private requirements

  • The City’s land use definition for ‘Recreation Private’ covers a range of recreational activities, and Local Planning Policy 6.7 – Parking and Access provides seven different distinct ‘Recreation Private’ uses, with their own parking standards
  • Gymnasiums and classes (for example Pilates or Yoga) currently fall within the ‘Health Studio’ sub-category which requires parking at a rate of 1 bay per 9m² of public floorspace.
  • The City’s review found the parking requirements for these categories varied, with ‘classes’ having a much higher car parking requirement than ‘gymnasiums’ (particularly those which operate 24 hours a day). A number of premises with approved ‘gymnasiums’ were visited, with no parking problems evident at the sites, despite a technical parking shortfall.
  • The modified policy introduces a new ‘Gym’ sub-category with a rate of 1 bay per 20m² of public floorspace, and changes the rate for a ‘Health Studio’ to one bay per four persons accommodated.

Small bar requirements

  • The current parking policy does not contain a parking requirement for a ‘Small Bar’ land use. For this reason, the policy requires development applications for this use to be referred to Council, so that Council can determine the appropriate ratio

  • ‘Small Bars’ share similar characteristics to a ‘Restaurant’, and many of the development applications that the City receives for ‘Small Bars’ are associated with a ‘Restaurant’ use. Because of these characteristics, the policy has been modified to group the ‘Small Bar’ land use with similar land uses (including Restaurant, Reception Centre and Fast Food Outlet)
  • The current parking ratio of 1 bay per 7m² gross floor area, which applies to these uses, has been reduced to 1 bay per 10m² of public floorspace to simplify and streamline the development application process.
    Reciprocal car parking criteria
  • The reciprocal parking provisions of Local Planning Policy 6.7 - Parking and Access do not contain measurable criteria for assessing proposals which rely on reciprocal parking arrangements. For this reason, and to aid assessment, the following quantifiable criteria has been included into the policy:-
    • Up to 90% of the parking requirements can be reciprocal where the operating times of existing and proposed uses do not overlap by more than 30 minutes
    • If more than 50% of the parking requirement is provided by reciprocal parking, not more than 50% of the operating times of both uses can overlap.
  • These criteria have been chosen as a 30 minute transitional period between the two uses allows user groups sufficient time to leave and enter the parking area without causing parking issues.
  • The limitation on 50% of operating times being able to overlap is based on the assumption that all users will not attend a use at the beginning or end of an operating time period; rather, the user rates will be spread over the entire operating times.

Additional modifications

Further administrative amendments of a minor nature update Local Planning Policy 6.7 - Parking and Access to ensure it remains in line with State policies and strategies.

Why has the Council decided to advertise this Policy?

The proposed modifications were considered by Council on 16 October 2018 and Council resolved to advertise the changes for public comment. For this reason, the City is now advertising Local Planning Policy 6.7 for public comment.

How is a Policy processed?

When proposed modifications to a Policy are presented to Council, Council has to decide whether to advertise it for public comment or not proceed.

If Council decides to advertise a modified Policy, the City will consult on the proposal with local community groups, public authorities and any affected owners/occupiers if appropriate. A Local Planning Policy (new or modified) is to be advertised for not less than 21 days in accordance with the City’s Planning Consultation Procedure.

When advertising has closed, Council has to consider any comments received and make a recommendation to proceed with the Policy (with or without further changes) or not proceed with the Policy. If the changes Council propose to the Policy are significant, the Policy may be readvertised for further comment.

If Council decide to proceed with the modified Policy (with or without further changes), the modified Policy will come into effect once a notice is published in the local papers.

What can I do if I want to comment on the modified Policy that is being advertised?

You can let Council know your views on the modified Policy. You must tell the City this in writing, giving the reasons for your views on the modified Policy. The City must receive your submission by 5.00pm, Monday 17 December 2018.

You can provide your comments online at the City’s Your Say Stirling. We encourage the use of this method as it allows the City to receive comments immediately.

Alternatively you can email your comments to the City at cityplanning@stirling.wa.gov.au or write to the City at:

City of Stirling
(Local Planning Policy 6.7)
25 Cedric Street
Stirling WA 6021

What comments can I make?

The City is keen to hear the views of all residents in the area, and wants the community to be able to freely express its views on the proposal.

However, when Council considers the comments received, it must consider the planning merits of the proposal, and the planning issues that have been raised during public consultation. The City asks that comments be limited to those directly related to the planning merits or impacts of the proposed modifications to the Policy. Examples of the issues that can be considered valid planning considerations include:

  • The requirements of orderly and proper planning including consistency with the objectives set out in the City’s Local Planning Scheme No.3, and any relevant State Planning Policy
  • The amenity of the locality including those factors which combine to form the character of an area and include the present and likely future amenity
  • The amount of traffic likely to be generated by future development, particularly in relation to the capacity of the road system in the locality and the probable effect on traffic flow and safety.

The City’s officers must balance the comments received with an assessment of the likely impacts of the proposal, and must be satisfied that there is a factual or realistic basis to the opinions expressed on a proposal.

  • Matters that cannot be considered valid planning reasons for objecting to a proposal include:
  • Perceived loss of property value
  • Private disputes between neighbours including access & egress and easements
  • Impact of construction work
  • Trade competition concerns (in most circumstances)
  • Matters that are controlled under other legislation.

What happens once Council makes a decision on the Policy?

Following advertising of the modified Policy, the City’s officers will review all of the comments that we receive and will prepare a report to Council on the outcomes of the advertising.

Council must then make a decision to proceed with the modified Policy, proceed with the modified Policy with further changes (if these changes are significant the Policy may be readvertised for further comment), or not proceed with the modified Policy.

If Council decide to proceed with the modified Policy or proceed with further changes, the modified Policy will come into effect once a notice is published in the local papers. Those who have made a submission will be notified in writing of Council’s decision and what date the modified Policy came into effect.

Timeline

Community consultation commences

27 November 2018

Community consultation concludes

17 December 2018

Officer reviews comments received

Council considers outcomes of advertising

26 February 2018

Local Planning Policy 6.7 comes into effect (if endorsed)

12 March 2019
See more

Document library

Document nameDownloadable files
6.7 Parking and Access1.6MB (PDF)

For more information, contact the City Planning Team on (08) 9205 8555.