Types of domestic violence Home / Services / Services for families / Family and domestic violence / Types of domestic violence Page ContentThis page provides information on the different types of domestic violence, including physical, emotional or psychological, sexual, social, financial, technological, stalking and spiritual abuse. What is family and domestic violence?Family and domestic violence (FDV) is when someone intentionally uses violence, threats, force or intimidation to control or manipulate a family member, partner or former partner. It is charactised by an imbalance of power whereby the perpetrator uses abusive behaviours and tactics to obtain power and control over the victim causing fear. The violence is intentional and systematic and often increases in frequency and severity the longer the relationship goes on. Statistics show that women experience FDV at far greater rates than men (Women's Council 2011). FDV does not discriminate as it can occur across different cultures, ages, socio-economic groups including different religious groups, FDV has many forms as provided below.Physical abusePhysically abusive acts include:Actual or threatening physical harm causing injuries (e.g. cuts, bruises, broken bones)Hitting, punching, biting, hair pulling, slapping and chokingThreatening or causing harm with weaponsDenied sleep, food, liberty or warmth and nutrition.Property damageDenied medical careDriving dangerousAbusing pets and others animalsEmotional/psychological abuseEmotional and psychological abuse is the use of implied or explicit threats of violence to induce fear and damage the abused persons self-esteem and mental health. This includes: IntimidationName calling like "stupid", "fat", "lazy", "useless" and constant put downsPlaying mind gamesThreatening the children's safety and the safety of family and friendsThreatening self harm/suicideBlaming you for all the problems in the relationshipSexual abuseSexual abuse includes acts like:Pressuring you to have sex against your will (rape)Forcing you to take part in sexual acts that you re uncomfortable withHumiliation during sexCausing you pain during sexAssaulting your genitalsNon-consensual unprotected sex Insisting other people are part of your sexual relationship without your consentSocial abuseSocial abuse includes acts like:Prevent you from leaving the houseControlling where you go, who you see and what you wearRefusing your right to educationMaking all of the big decisions Isolation from family and friendsControlling use of mobiles, phones, internet and carPublic humiliation and insults.Made to feel guilty for going to work or socialisingFinancial abuseFinancial abuse includes acts like:Denied access to moneyControlling your incomeHaving access and control over all of the bank accounts and passwordsPreventing you from seeking or maintaining employmentHaving to ask for basic items such as food, petrol, clothingForcing to provide receipts for all purchasesDictating how money is spent Spiritual abuseSpiritual abuse includes acts like:Denying you access to ceremonies, land or familyForcing you to do things against your cultural beliefsPreventing you from going to a place of worship or praying Disrespectful of cultural background, or using religious teachings or cultural tradition as a reason for violenceStalkingStalking abuse includes acts like:Repeatedly calling on the phoneSending constant emails, letters or using social media (signing in to your Facebook or twitter accounts)Loitering near your home, workplace or following you in a carInvolving friends, family and acquaintances to monitor your whereabouts Organising unwanted home deliveries or sending flowers or chocolatesTechnology abuseTechnology abuse is used to directly or indirectly monitor or stalk the victim. This can occur without the victim knowing such a personal information being posted on social media, installing tracking devices in cars and mobile phones e.g. spyware, listening devices, hidden cameras, keystroke logging hardware.