Roads Home / Services / Roads and verges / Roads Page ContentThe City of Stirling is responsible for over 1,000 km of roads within the Local Government Area, and implements road safety improvement projects with state and federal funding. Find out about road maintenance, closures and traffic management.Functional Road HierarchyThe classification of roads enables identification of the necessary road characteristics and associated traffic movements, so that appropriate design standards and adjacent urban development can be chosen. In Western Australia there are five classifications of roads. This is termed a road hierarchy and is a graded list of road categories ranked in order of traffic function. It is used when describing roads by function in order to provide a consistent approach to road planning throughout the state. Classifying roads in this way recognises that roads are not all the same. At the lower end of the scale are those roads that are designed to give priority to residential property access; while at the higher end are those roads that carry large volumes of traffic relatively unimpeded over long distances. In 1980 the City of Stirling was one of the first local authorities to adopt a functional road hierarchy. This road hierarchy was developed jointly with the Ministry for Transport and Main Roads Western Australia.The major benefits of road classification are: Providing orderly grouping of streets and roads in a framework which governs the planning and implementation of construction and maintenance projectsProviding a sound basis for traffic route management, transport and land use Assisting in the adoption of appropriate standards of construction of traffic routes and road traffic managementFacilitating reviews so that appropriate actions taken to ensure functional and operational standards are met. The following categories of roads are shown on the City's Functional Road Classification Plan (PDF). Primary Distributor roads - The major network comprising freeways and controlled access roads are solely under the control of Main Roads WA . These roads typically carry over 35,000 vehicles per day. District Distributor roads - These roads are separated into two further sub-categories. The District Distributor A class roads typically carry between 15,000 to 35,000 vehicles per day, and form part of the major network for vehicular distribution within the City. District Distributor B roads typically carry between 7,000 to 20,000 vehicles per day. Local Distributor roads - These roads typically carry between 3,000 to 7,000 vehicles per day and are part of the minor distribution network. Local Access roads - These roads typically carry less than 3,000 vehicles per day and are part of the local road network. City of Stirling Functional Road Classification PlanLocal Area Traffic Management The hierarchy of distributor, residential and access roads allows the City of Stirling to cater for through traffic and local traffic. The network of distributor roads is intended to encourage through traffic to use these routes in preference to other residential roads.The benefits of properly established traffic management systems are: a reduction in the risk of crashes, through appropriate design of roads and intersections. In some cases, increased junction capacity may be required, while in other cases restrictions may be introduced to better manage hazards and high conflict movements. an improvement of the urban environment by controlling and improving traffic flow on designated routes. Requests for traffic management measures are assessed in accordance with Council's Traffic Management Warrants Policy. This policy takes into account a range of safety and amenity factors including:traffic volumes,travel speeds,crash history,road geometry (bends and crests),vulnerable road users (school children or elderly residents),proximity to major activity generators (schools, shops, colleges), andpercentage of heavy vehicles and peak hour traffic.The policy ensures that funding is allocated to the highest priority locations that lead to identifiable safety improvements.Traffic management measures may include traffic movement restrictions, roundabouts and speed deterrent devices. However, these measures can only inhibit bad road-user behaviour, not prevent it. The City also has education programs aimed at road user behaviour. Refer to the Road Safety web page for more information. With costs to the community for each fatal crash estimated at more than $2.1 million, hospitalisations due to crashes at over $480,000, and other crash injuries at nearly $31,000, low-cost traffic management measures that contribute to improved road safety can be extremely cost-effective as well as improve the quality of life for residents.The City undertakes annual reviews of all our roads through crash data supplied by Main Roads Western Australia in order to assess locations and develop road safety improvement projects. The national and state programs assist by providing potential sources of funding for crash reduction projects. The City's ongoing aim is to reduce the incidence of crashes occurring on roads under its control. The City is responsible for the care, control and management of roads within its jurisdiction and to that end, the Commissioner of Main Roads has authorised the City, in accordance with the provisions of the Road Traffic Code 2000 , to utilise traffic signs and devices. If you have any questions regarding traffic management and road safety, please contact the Engineering Design business unit through the Customer Contact Centre.Roadworks Traffic ManagementIf you are planning to work or hold an event within the road reserve please refer to the following:City of Stirling Traffic Management Procedures.pdfApplication for Roadworks Events.pdfBasic TMP template.pdfFrequently Asked Questions- Traffic Management.pdfRoad FundingA major portion of road construction is funded from City of Stirling's rates, with some roads funded by the subdivision of federal and state government grants. In some instances, funding alone may be enough. Part of the funding for the control, maintenance and extension of the City's road system is by way of Urban Arterial Road Funds and Road Preservation GrantsUrban Arterial Road Funds The City has a program in place to upgrade and extend various district distributors utilising Australian Government funds allocated under this classification. Road Preservation Grants As part of its corporate plan, the City has a road resurfacing and reconstruction program whereby all existing roads are progressively upgraded in order of priority as identified in the Roads Needs Study (which is utilised to formulate a pavement management system). This means that the majority of roads are resurfaced prior to the end of their effective design life to prevent deterioration to the point where complete reconstruction is required. In some instances, roads built many years ago must be reconstructed to enable them to carry the additional vehicular volumes which did not exist at the time of construction. Black Spot Programs Black Spot Programs directly target improvements to the safety of roads with a high risk or proven history of crashes. Funding for the programs is mainly focused on cost-effective treatment of hazardous road locations. Funding is available through:the Nation Building Program, in which projects are funded entirely by the Federal Government, or the State Black Spot Program, in which projects are two-thirds funded by the state government and one-third by local government.Road ReserveThe City of Stirling has certain requirements for when people wish to do work in the road reserve. These include: Constructing crossoversUse of the verge during building development workPrivate connections to servicesReinstatement of concrete footpaths.For more information go to the Road Reserves and Crossovers page.